Carbon capture and storage (CCS) will need to play a substantial role in mitigating global emissions alongside measures such as renewable energy and energy efficiency. The challenges for CCS are unprecedented, and the timeframes are short to avoid locking into infrastructure with high carbon dioxide emissions.
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), up to one-fifth of mitigation in 2050 will need to come from CCS in the power and industrial sectors, equating to approximately 3,400 projects. Such deployment is assessed as being a key element of any least-cost approach to reducing greenhouse gas emissions while meeting growing domestic energy demands and addressing energy supply challenges. To achieve this, the IEA suggests that 100 projects will need to be operational by 2020. Additionally, while CCS development will begin in industrialized countries, it is expected to rapidly shift to developing countries after 2020.
Many countries have policies and mechanisms in place to support the deployment of CCS, and these actions are vitally important. However, more needs to be done to deliver CCS at the scale and on the timeline required.
The Carbon Capture, Use and Storage (CCUS) Action Group was conceived as a time-limited group. Having fulfilled its mandate, in 2014, the Action Group undertook a process of consultation with members on how to best communicate CCS reporting to the CEM. In keeping with the CEM’s broader recognition of the need to promote collaboration across the different clean energy working groups, it was agreed that reporting on CCS to the CEM should be transferred from the Action Group to the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum.
The CCUS Action Group was established to create greater political momentum to advance the level of CCS deployment required to meet the global greenhouse gas mitigation challenge.
The goals of the CCUS Action Group included the following:
- Identify key recommendations aimed at closing the gap between current actions and those required to deliver CCS on the scale and timeline required for it to achieve its greenhouse gas emission reduction potential
- Encourage collaboration between CCUS Action Group members and other interested organizations to implement the recommended actions